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[考研英语] 考研英语写作技巧大分享

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发表于 2018-4-12 14:40:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
如何在基础阶段,就能夯实好我们的考研英语写作能力,一直是很多小伙伴关心的事情。所以,建议大家看看下面的文字,掌握了下面的技巧,可以让我们的写作能力有显著技巧。
首先,阅读很重要。
不知道考研的同学们有没有阅读的习惯,每天读一些文章是一个很好地习惯。看得多学得多了,自然就会有话可说。对于小作文来说,考生在平时的复习过程中,应该注意熟悉一些应用文的格式,及英语的应用文表达习惯。 考生可以找来历年真题。先是自己写,然后找来当年真题的范文,对比着学习。思考范文的得分点和闪光点。
其次,语言要简洁并且准确。
写作用词准确是最基础的要求之一。其次,句型可以多变,例如既有并列句,也有复合句,还有从句,但注意语法运用要正确。此外还要注意,正式语言一般是写给具有正式关系的团体或机构,这种情况不用缩略语和口语用法。英语二的小作文一般写给正式关系的机构的文章片偏多。除了正式的文体以外,其他的文体皆为非正式文体,像写给朋友的书信等。英语一的小作文就是较为非正式一些。
再次,审题不可少。
很多同学在写作时喜欢跑题,这样怎么能得高分?考试时时间很紧张,怎样快速审题?笔者建议大家首先要脑子里要迅速构建一副写作场景,接下来要抓住关键词,然后围绕场景和关键词进行扩展。这一点不是说一说看一看就能掌握,需要同学们现在多做强化训练。
最后,写作时的注意事项。
一、句型
    1、多用连词,尽可能把简短的小句通过逻辑连接词的手段连成长句子,这样更有逻辑性。例如:
    One person says:"All has gone". The other person says:"There is still a little water."建议改为:
    One person says,"All has gone"while/whereasthe other person says,"There is still a little water."
2、多用从句和非谓语动词形式,这样句式更为高级。例如:
    Second,we can try to ride bicycles or take buses to go to school or work.Thus can reduce harmful gas.建议改为:
    Second,we can try to ride bicycles or take buses to go to school or work,whichcan reduce harmful gas.或者
    Second,in order to reduce harmful gas,we can try to ride bicycles or take buses to go to school or work.
    二、如何展开论证
    1、具体展开解释某个词的内涵。对前一句话中的某一个短语或是整句话的含义进行展开论证。
    Some students are pursuingtoo high a goalwhen seeking for jobs. They care about various factors such as salaries, working conditions and so forth, which narrows their choice.第二句是对too high a goal的展开论证。
    Optimistic attitude,as a positive attitude, not only means recognizing the existence of problems, but alsotakes active mentalityto solve problems.Once the difficult issue pops out unexpectedly, our positive mindset enables us to notice its good points and think of ways to avoid or improve its bad consequence.第二句是对takes active mentality的展开论证。
    It is universally acknowledged that life is by no means perfect and whether we feel optimistic or not depends on what attitudes we take. When confronted with an adverse situation, some youths feel in low spirits and fall into depression. Others, on the contrary, look at the positive side of the situation and remain cheerful.第二句话是对第一句话的展开说明。
    2.因果法
    Optimistic attitude plays a significant role in our daily life,because optimistic can make us have confidence to cope with the setbacks when we encounter them.
    3.反证法
    Without the merit of optimism, we are more likely to experience more pains and end up with failure.
4.例证法
Numerous examples can be given, but this/these will suffice.
了解了以上技巧之后,我们再做做何老师的2019《考研英语写作高分攻略》,继续提炼我们的写作技巧。

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